This will guide Linux newbies on how to manage their servers from a control panel or a terminal client. It will also teach some basic commands for Linux operating system.
From your welcome email, you will get the details on how to connect to your server's control panel.
Look for the Panel URL, Username and Password. Use that to login to the Panel. Most hosts use SolusVM as control panel. If not, the UI will still look very similar. It should look something like this:
Remember that a VPS is similar to a physical computer. So to information here relates to your *virtual computer*.
- Status - tells you if your VPS is turned on or off
- IP Address - this is the machine address of your computer, such that your computer and other computers in the internet can communicate with each other.
- Virtualization - what type of virtualization was used for your VPS. This is not important to understand for now. You just need to check this to make sure it matches with what you bought. (E.g. if you bought KVM, this should show KVM)
- Hostname - the name you gave to your server
- Node - your host company usually have many servers to where VPS resides. This is the name of a particular computer where your VPS is hosted at.
- Operating System - the operating system currently installed. If you are new to Linux, Ubuntu is highly recommended.
- Disk Space - the amount of disk space allocated for your use.
- Bandwidth - the amount of network data you can transfer to and from your computer.
- Memory - the amount of RAM in your VPS
- Swap - this is also memory, but you should ignore this.
The common commands you can use are easily visible:
- Reboot - restart your VPS. When you restart your VPS, refresh your control Panel from time to time and you should see an online status in a minute or two.
- Shutdown - turn off your VPS. When you shutdown, your VPS will not be accessible from the internet. You may start it later in the control panel.
- Boot - start your VPS. Again, you should see an online status in a few minutes.
- Reinstall - Usually, it is allowed for you to reinstall your operating system anytime and as many times as you want. That is either with the same operating system or a different one. There may be very few host that charges money for this.
- VNC - this is only applicable to KVM based VPS. This will give you information to view your VPS remotely using a graphical user interface (think of Remote Desktop in Windows). This is only relevant before because operating system installation is only possible using a VNC connection. But you may ignore this now, as it is possible to reinstall the operating system with just a few clicks in the panel.
Reinstalling the Operating System
For Linux newbies, choose Ubuntu operating system because it is one of the easiest and has the most tutorials online. The 32bit version is better for VPS with 2GB RAM or less because it is more memory efficient compared to the 64bit version. If you have chosen a different OS, you can change it through the control panel. Most host will allow you to reinstall your VPS anytime and as often as you need.
Here are the steps, first click Reinstall button.
Click the radio box next to the operating system you want, and click the reinstall button at the bottom.
Reinstall usually takes between 2 and 10 minutes. For KVM, the root password will be shown after reinstall. Note it down somewhere for later use. If you forgot your password, you can change it by clicking the Root Password link near the bottom: